Organic Food and Beverages
Buy Organics: Where and How?
What are the Best Types of Worms for Composting?
Use worm composters to build a rich organic soil. What do worms eat? What are the best worms for composting your garden: red worms composting. Make your own worm compost bin and create an organic soil.
Organic vegetable gardening and organic fruits, plants, and lawns will grow better, faster, and be healthier with a good supply of organic fertilizer and organic soil. Ensuring that your garden has worms for composting will help you develop your compost into fertilizer and soil quickly and efficiently. Red worms composting are recognized as the best type of earthworm to use; they are also known as brandling, red wiggler, brandling (and their official latin names are Eisenia foetida and Lumbricus rubellus).
Worm Composters: The Importance to Organic Compost
To produce an organic soil that is nutrient rich use worms for composting. Recycle your kitchen waste, and garden waste, to the earthworm. Use a worm compost bin to house worms such as the red worm or brandlings. You can buy worm compost bins at organic garden supply stores but you can also make your own worm composters.
Worms for Composting:
How to make a worm composter?
Worm composting is a fantastic and natural way of recycling all those vegetable scraps, banana skins and tea bags from your kitchen. And it's easy to make one! Just follow these simple steps - worms for compost:
What you need...
- 400 Compost worms (often called tiger or brandling worms). Available from most fishing shops or farmers' muck heaps!
- A plastic dustbin
- A plastic tap
- Some sand or gravel
- Some small pieces of wood
- Some bedding material (for the worms!)
Making Your Worm Compost Bin:
- Drill some breathing holes into the lid of the bin
- Place 3 inches of sand or gravel at the bottom of the bin for drainage
- Place wooden slats on top of the sand or gravel, to separate the drainage material from the compost you are going to produce
- On top of the wooden slats, put down 4 inches of damp bedding material. An old growbag is ideal, or you could use shredded newspaper or straw
- Drill a tap into the bin just above the gravel / sand, where the wooden slats are placed. You can buy taps from most hardware or garden shops
Once you have built your wormery, dig a small hollow in the bedding material and place the worms inside. Then you can start adding your food scraps. Always make sure the scraps are chopped up well.
What do Worms Eat?
There are two main ways of feeding the worms:
1. Place the food scraps on the surface of the bedding in a layer (up to 2" deep), but never cover the whole surface as the worms need a small area to escape if conditions get unpleasant.
2. Alternatively you can bury small batches of food scraps in the bedding, around the bin. Some people prefer this way as they feel the waste is covered up and is out of the way of the flies.
With both methods you need to keep a thick sheet of wet newspapers over the surface to keep the light out and moisture in. Only add more food when the worms have finished their last lot. The speed the food is processed will depend on the number of worms, the time of year and the type of food added.
Worms for Compost:
CAUTION...never overfeed the wormery. The food will just rot, upsetting the worms and making nasty smells!
You can keep your worm compost bin outside but in winter, the worms will be warmer (and hungrier) if you keep them inside a garage or shed.
After a few weeks you should be able to collect some liquid through the tap which you can use as a liquid feed for your plants. After a few months you can empty the bin, put the worms back and start again! And of course you'll have some excellent compost which the worms will have left behind to help everything grow better in the garden.
Your organic garden needs worms in the soil. Worm composters are easy to build (and even easier to buy). If you are committed to an organic garden, you need to include worm composting in your gardening plans: worm composters will help you build a rich organic soil for your fruit, vegetables, herbs, and plants.
Are You Ready to Plant your Organic Garden?
You have healthy, nutrient rich organic soil. You have your organic seeds ready and waiting. Before you start planting, read about raised bed organic gardening and crop rotation. Both of these methods are simple to implement, effective and will help you grow a healthy organic garden.